The first newspaper in India, the Bengal Gazette started publishing from the city in 1780. Among Kolkata’s widely circulated Bengali-language newspapers are Anandabazar Patrika, Bartaman,Sangbad Pratidin, Aajkaal, Dainik Statesman and Ganashakti. The Statesman and The Telegraph are two major English-language newspapers that are produced and published from Kolkata. Other popular English-language newspapers published and sold in Kolkata include The Times of India,Hindustan Times, The Hindu, The Indian Express, and the Asian Age. As the largest trading centre in East India, Kolkata has several high-circulation financial dailies, including The Economic Times, The Financial Express, Business Line, and Business Standard.Vernacular newspapers, such as those in the Hindi, Urdu, Gujarati, Oriya,Punjabi, and Chinese languages, are read by minorities. Major periodicals based in Kolkata includeDesh, Sananda, Saptahik Bartaman, Unish-Kuri, Anandalok, and Anandamela.Historically, Kolkata has been the centre of the Bengali little magazine movement.
All India Radio, the national state-owned radio broadcaster, airs several AM radio stations in the city. Kolkata has 12 local radio stations broadcasting on FM, including two from AIR. India’s state-owned television broadcaster,Doordarshan, provides two free-to-air terrestrial channels, while a mix of Bengali, Hindi, English, and other regional channels are accessible viacable subscription, direct-broadcast satellite services, or internet-based television. Bengali-language 24-hour television news channelsinclude ABP Ananda, Tara Newz, Kolkata TV, 24 Ghanta, News Time, Channel 10and Focus Bangla.
Football is a popular sport in Kolkata. Here amateur players enjoy a game in the rain.
The most popular sports in Kolkata arefootball and cricket. Unlike most parts of India, the residents show significant passion for football. The city is home to top national football clubs such as Mohun Bagan A.C., East Bengal F.C.,Prayag United S.C., and theMohammedan Sporting Club.Calcutta Football League, which was started in 1898, is the oldest football league in Asia. Mohun Bagan A.C., one of the oldest football clubs in Asia, is the only organisation to be dubbed a “National Club of India”. Football matches between Mohun Bagan and East Bengal, dubbed as the Kolkata derby, witness large audience attendance and rivalry between patrons.
KKR vs PUNE WARRIORS 5 May 2012
As in the rest of India, cricket is popular in Kolkata and is played on grounds and in streets throughout the city.Kolkata has an Indian Premier Leaguefranchise known as the Kolkata Knight Riders; the Cricket Association of Bengal, which regulates cricket in West Bengal, is also based in the city. Tournaments, especially those involving cricket, football, badminton, and carrom, are regularly organised on an inter-locality or inter-club basis. TheMaidan, a vast field that serves as the city’s largest park, hosts several minor football and cricket clubs and coaching institutes.
Eden Gardens, which has a capacity of 66,349 as of 2015, hosted the final match of the 1987 Cricket World Cup. It is home to the Bengal cricket team and the Kolkata Knight Riders. The multi-useSalt Lake Stadium, also known as Yuva Bharati Krirangan, is India’s largest stadium by seating capacity. TheCalcutta Cricket and Football Club is the second-oldest cricket club in the world. Kolkata has three 18-hole golf courses. The oldest is at the Royal Calcutta Golf Club, the first golf club built outside the United Kingdom. The other two are located at the Tollygunge Club and atFort William. The Royal Calcutta Turf Club hosts horse racing and polo matches. The Calcutta Polo Club is considered the oldest extant polo club in the world. The Calcutta Racket Club is a squash and racquetclub in Kolkata. It was founded in 1793, making it one of the oldest rackets clubs in the world, and the first in the Indian subcontinent. The Calcutta South Club is a venue for national and international tennis tournaments; it held the first grass-court national championship in 1946. In the period 2005–2007, Sunfeast Open, a tier-III tournament on the Women’s Tennis Association circuit, was held in the Netaji Indoor Stadium; it has since been discontinued.
The Calcutta Rowing Club hosts rowingheats and training events. Kolkata, considered the leading centre of rugby union in India, gives its name to the oldest international tournament in rugby union, the Calcutta Cup. The Automobile Association of Eastern India, established in 1904, and the Bengal Motor Sports Club are involved in promoting motor sports and car rallies in Kolkata and West Bengal. TheBeighton Cup, an event organised by the Bengal Hockey Association and first played in 1895, is India’s oldest field hockey tournament; it is usually held on the Mohun Bagan Ground of the Maidan. Athletes from Kolkata include Sourav Ganguly and Pankaj Roy, who are former captains of the Indian national cricket team; Olympic tennis bronze medallist Leander Paes, golferArjun Atwal, and former footballersSailen Manna, Chuni Goswami, P. K. Banerjee, and Subrata Bhattacharya.