Jain population in India

Jainism is India’s sixth-largest religion and is practiced throughout India.[2][3]

Quick facts: Total population, Regions with significant populations …
Indian Jains
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Abhishek Manu Singhvi at the India Economic Summit 2008.jpg
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Total population
Regions with significant populations
GujaratiMarathiIndian English,Marwari

As per 2001 census there are about 4,200,000 Jains in the 1.22 billion population of India, but actually there may be around 8,000,000, the majority living in RajasthanGujarat and Madhya Pradesh, however, the influence of Jainism is far greater on Indian population that these numbers suggest. Jains are to be found in 34 out of 35 states and union territories withLakshdweep being the only union territory without Jains. The state ofJharkhand, with a population of 16,301 Jains also contains the holy pilgrimage centre of Shikharji.


Main article: History of Jainism

Jain doctrine teaches that Jainism has always existed and will always exist,[4][5][6][7][8] Like most ancient Indian religions, Jainism has its roots from theIndus Valley Civilization, reflecting native spirituality prior to the Indo-Aryan migration into India.[9][10][11] Other scholars suggested the Shramanatraditions were separate and contemporaneous with Indo-Aryan religious practices of the historical Vedic religion.[12] In August 2005, Supreme Court of India gave verdict that Jainism,Sikhism (and Buddhism) are distinct religions, but are inter-connected and inter-related to Hinduism, so these three are part of wider broader Hindu religion, based on the historic background on how the Constitution had come into existence after.[13][14] In the 2006 verdict, although Supreme Court of India found that the “Jain Religion is indisputably not a part of the Hindu Religion”.[15][16]

Accorded National minority status for Jain

On January 20, 2014, the Government of India awarded the minority status to the Jain community in India, as per Section 2(c) of the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) Act (NCM), 1992. This made the Jain community which makes for 7 million or 0.4 percent of the population as per 2001 census, the sixth community to be designated this status as a “national minority”, after Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis.[17] Though Jains already had minority status in 11 states of India including Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan, in 2005 a petition was filed with Supreme Court of India, by community representatives, which was also backed by the National Minorities Commission. In its judgement the court left the decision to the Central government.[18][19]

Jainism By State

Census of India, 2001

More information: State, Jain Population (approximate) …
States having more than 100,000 Jains in 2001 India Census[20]
State Jain Population (approximate) Jain Population (%)
Maharashtra 1,301,900 1.32%
Rajasthan 650,493 1.15%
Madhya Pradesh 545,448 0.91%
Gujarat 525,306 1.03%
Karnataka 412,654 0.74%
Uttar Pradesh 207,111 0.12%
Delhi 155,122 1.12%
More information: Religion, Males …
Work participation by religion & gender in 2001 India Census[21]
Religion Males Females
Jain 55.2 39.2
Sikh 53.3 20.2
Hindu 52.4 27.4
Christian 50.7 28.7
Buddhist 49.2 31.7
Muslim 47.5 14.1
More information: Religion, Literacy Rate …
Literacy by religion in 2001 India Census[22]
Religion Literacy Rate
Jain 94.1
Christian 80.3
Buddhist 72.7
Sikh 69.4
Hindu 65.1
Muslim 59.1

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